PH most disaster-prone country in the world: report


Posted at October 12, 2022 1:01 p.m. | Updated October 12, 2022 3:37 p.m.

MANILA – The Philippines is the most disaster-prone country in the world, according to a study by two German institutions.

Devastation in Burdeos, Polillo group of islands, Quezon, a day after Super Typhoon Karding made landfall on the island on September 25, 2022. Photo courtesy of Mary Grace Serrano/Oxfam Pilipinas

The World Risk Index, published by Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft and the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict (IFHV) at Ruhr University in Bochum, said the Philippines faces the greatest risk of disaster among 193 countries in the world due to their exposure and vulnerability. to natural disasters.

The Philippines has an index of 46.82, followed by India (42.31), Indonesia (41.46) and Colombia (38.37). Mexico, Myanmar, Mozambique, China, Bangladesh and Pakistan complete the list of the 10 most disaster-prone countries.

Dr Mahar Lagmay, executive director of the Institute for Resilience at the University of the Philippines, said the country is at huge risk of disaster as it is in Asia’s typhoon belt.

“When there is a severe weather event like this, there are dangers. These hazards include high winds, triggering floods, landslides that are triggered by extreme rainfall events carried by the typhoon, as well as storm surges. These dangers are the ones that kill,” Lagmay explained.

Going forward, Lagmay said the Philippine government should focus more on preventing the adverse effects of natural disasters.

“There are 4 pillars in disaster prevention and risk reduction, you name it. One is long-term preparedness, it’s called prevention and mitigation, the other is is just before danger strikes, that’s preparation, and then during the time danger strikes, that’s called response, and then after that, that’s called reconstruction and rehabilitation.

“We should really shift from more work on the response to planning for long-term preparedness,” he said.

“I would recommend that our planning incorporate climate-adjusted hazards. These are the dangers that would occur due to climate change, due to global warming, this means that typhoons will become stronger, carrying stronger winds, causing greater flooding, triggering more frequent and extensive landslides and larger storm surges.

Lagmay noted that survivors of natural disasters in the Philippines tend to say that the storms that hit the country are worse than the last ones that hit them.

“We have to anticipate future events. And for that, we need science. We need to reflect in our risk maps that are integrated into the community planning process, comprehensive land use plans, local climate change adaptation plans, climate and disaster risk assessments,” a- he declared.

“If incorporated, community members will be able to realize that there is such a type of danger that is greater than they know or have experienced. And if we do that, they can anticipate.

The expert noted that disaster preparedness is important if the country is to achieve its development goals.

“We are all threatened by something, and that something can result in death, death, it also translates into an obstacle to our development, to our economic progress. This results in a consumption of our GDP.

“Like for example over a 10 year period, an average of around 3% is taken out of our GDP due to disasters. The impacts of hazards. Now it is a concern because if it hinders our development, we will not achieve our sustainable development goals,” he said.

–ANC, October 12, 2022

Philippines, disaster, disaster risk, disaster prone, Mahar Lagmay, disaster risk reduction, UP Resilience Institute

Toya J. Bell